Kolar is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of Kolar District and is known for gold mining. Kolar is popularly known as the land of silk, milk, and gold. The town is famous for the Someshwara temple and the Kolaramma temple. Kolaramma is considered as Grama devathe for Kolar. It is located at a distance of about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from Bengaluru and 50 km from Bangalore International Airport 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Kolar Gold Fields. The city is located on the southern maidan (plains) region of Karnataka. The Ammerallikere, a tank, forms its eastern boundary. To the north is the Kodikannur tank, the main source of water supply to the city. The nearest railway junction is Kolar. Kolar is having good road transportation than, Rail amenities. It is situated on the Bengaluru - Chennai National Highway-75. Kolar is also The gateway for Tirumala Via National Highway 75 History of Kolar: Mostly the two unknown kings of Kolar were King "Indra Teja"and "The king Keshav Krishna Bahadur Bam" They were also known for their anonymous friendship. They ruled Kolar from (1797-1834) their death is still a mistery The Western Gangas sovereignty lasted from about 350 to 550 CE, initially ruled from Kolar as their Capital City. The founder of the Western Ganga dynasty was Konganivarman Madhava, who built Kolar as his capital around 350 and ruled for about twenty years. He succeeded by his son Madhava I. Kolar, the headquarters of the Kolar district, was earlier known as Kuvalalapura, also known as Kolahala Pura. Historically, Kolar is said to be associated with the epic age, which recalls many legends associated with Avani in Mulbagal Taluk, which was also called Avani Kshetra. It was once known as Avantika- Kshetra, a sacred place in Kolar district in Karnataka State. It was famous for its religious establishments from ancient times. It was once known as Aavanya which was under the Ganga prince Madhava Muttarasa, who governed several districts. In about A.D 890, its earliest grant relates that Tribhuvana Kartara Deva, who held the title of Kali Yuga Rudra, ruled over the Avaniya Thana for 40 years. During this period he constructed 50 temples and two large tanks. Maharshi Valmiki, author of the epic Ramayana, lived here. The legend goes further to establish that Seetha Devi, after being sent to exile, gave birth to her twins Lava and Kusha at Avani. The Avani continued to survive as a religious establishment from the 9th to 11th centuries. There are temples dedicated to Lord Rama. Antharagange: The hill to the west of Kolar, called the Shatasringa Parvata or 'Hundred-Peaked Mountain' is 'Antharagange', associated with the story of Parasurama and his fight with King Kartaviryarjuna over Surabhi, the divine cow. As the story goes, King Kartavirya Arjuna (Sahasrarjuna) and his army visited Jamadagni, Parasurama's father, when the king demanded the magical cow from Jamadagni. When Jamadagni refused, the King sent his soldiers to take the cow, but Parashurama killed the entire army and the king with his axe. In return, the princes beheaded Jamadagni. Thus, Parasurama took an oath to behead the entire Kshatriya race, which is said to have taken place on the hills. It is said that the 'kolahala' on the death of Kartaviryarjuna gave its name to the town, which later become Kolar. Kannada is the main languages spoken in the district of Kolar. Telugu is also spoken. Gangas built beautiful temple of Sri Uttameshwara temple in Uttanur Mulbagal Talluk Antaragange: Antaragange is one of the tourist attractions Of Kolar. It is also known as "Dakshina Kashi Kshetra". In the temple is a pond which gets a continuous flow of underground water from the mouth of a Basava (stone bull). There is a steep, narrow path to the top of the mountain. There are seven villages on this mountain, including Therhalli, papanayakana halli, Kenchegowdana Halli and several others. On the occasion of full moon day, the cultural association called AADIMA arranges, cultural activities. Which is attended by many notable scholaras and artistes of Kannada drama industry. The mountain consists of granite rocks and lot of caves around. Antaragange is 4 Kilometers away from Kolar and 71 Kilometers away from State capital Bangalore. You can scale the heights of this mountain or hill by your own feet or Govt. of Karnataka laid a road to provide transportation facility to villagers who lives in the villages of hill and for the tourists. In the hill you can find a Dargah also. Nowadays Antharagange became hotspot for reality sector. The prices of the land in the hill shoots up to several millions/lakhs per acre. At the top of the hill you can find many more interesting things, which you can't expect somewhere else in the world. Indra Tej is famous in Kolar. The major temples in the town are the Kolaramma Temple and the Someswara Temple. Someswara Temple is a fine example of the Vijayanagara style, complete with a massive pillared Mukha Mandapa, heavy Prakara walls, ornate Kalyana mantapa, a Devi Shrine and a lofty Gopura with fine stucco figures on the tower; while the door frame is carved in the typical Vijayanagara style, with dwarapalas, etc. The temple has a large tank (Kalyani) also. There are Vijayanagara inscriptions on the wall of the store room and the yagashala, dated to the 15th century. Kolaramma Temple: This "L"-shaped temple has two shrines, one for Durga (Kolaramma) and the other for the Saptamatras. Both have a common vestibule. The Durga Shrine has a wagon-roof tower. The stucco figures in the Saptamatras shrine are unusually large. The temple is of Dravida Vimana Style, built in the Ganga Tradition (11th century). The Mahadwara has imposing pavilions in the inner side. The temple contains several Chola inscriptions, the earliest belonging to Mr. Yendeti (1012-1045). Hyder Ali Tomb is also found. Islamic religion also plays a very important role. Many Dargahs are also found like Khutub Gowri Dargah in heart of the city, A Dargah above the Antaraganga Hill, etc., Number of mosques are also found all over Kolar. In Kolar you can find both the streams of Christianity, like Roman Catholic and Protestants. Both have their own church. Catholic Church is located near mekke Circle and Methodist or Protestant church located exactly opposite to Shri T. Chennayya Rangamandir or T. Chennayya Auditorium. Transportation: Kolar has transportation amenities such as Buses, Taxis, and Auto Rickshaws. Kolar also has a local transportation facility " Antaragange Kolara Nagara Sarige" which was inaugurated in July 2012. Railways: The district headquarters has a railway station connecting two destinations: 1. Bangalore - Via Bangarpet 2. Chikkaballapura - Via Srinivaspura

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