Jhumri Telaiya is a town in the Koderma District of Jharkhand, India. It is situated in the Damodar Valley. Alternative English transliterations of the town's name include Jhumri Tilaiya, Jhumari Talaiya, and Jhumri Tilaiya. Jhumri is the name of the original village in the area, which is now located in the city. The word "Telaiya" is the Hindi language word for a small lake (the Tilaiya Dam reservoir). Jhumari is also said to be a local folk dance. Jhumri Telaiya was once a major mica mining center, Also known as Abrak (Hindi of Mica) Nagri. While laying a railroad through Kodarma in the 1890s, the British first discovered vast mica deposits in the region. Mining activities started soon after and many mining houses were established. CH Private Ltd. of Chattu Ram Bhadani and Horil Ram Bhadani. The further generations of the duo could not repeat their success and the company suffered huge losses. They were later found out to be involved in corruption cases which involved grabbing farmers land unlawfully by taking advantage of their Zamindari status. After Zamindari system was abolished by the government, the duo were sent to jail, but were however released after a short while because of lack of evidence. After death of Chattu Ram Bhadani, his wife Chaatihui bhadani married the servant of the house Mahalingam Charmkar. Mahalingam Charmkar renamed the company to Rising Mahalingam Private Ltd. With his never ending efforts he revived the company. However, he gives the credit of the Rising Mahalingam to Chatihui Bhadani who helped him in every part of his rising. Before CH, there was another major company controlled by the father and son duo of Chamari ram Kapsime and Sitaram Kapsime. Prosperous businessmen built huge mansions in Jhumri Telaiya. Till the late 1960s, Mercedes and Porsche cars, and thoroughbreds from Arabia used to be common in Jhumri Taliya. The city once boasted of most number of phone connections and phone calls made in India. Most of the mica business, was moved to the government-owned corporations sometime in 1973-74 through a government venture called as Bihar Mica Syndicate which was having Mica mines in Sapahi, 40 km from Jhumri Telaiya. This government venture was renamed to Bihar State Mineral Development Corporation (BSMDC), which is now known as Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation. Most of the mica used to be exported to USSR, for space and military equipment. With the dissolution of the USSR and the discovery of a synthetic substitute for mica, the mining activity declined in the 1990s. The city was earlier a part of the Hazaribagh district, and was transferred to the newly created Koderma district on 10 April 1994. Originally a part of the Bihar state, Jhumri Telaiya became the part of the newly formed Jharkhand state in 2000. On 8 December 2008, the Jhumri Tilaiya municipality was declared as a minor urban area. Association with Vividh Bharati: Originally a little-known town, Jhumri Telaiya became famous in India in the 1950s owing to its connection with the radio channels Radio Ceylon and Vividh Bharati (a nationally broadcast radio service of the All India Radio). At a time when numerous television channels and FM radio stations were yet to come to India, the radio shows were a national phenomenon. The largest number of requests for film songs addressed to the channel came from Jhumri Telaiya. The trend started in the early 1950s, when a mica businessman named Rameshwar Prasad Barnawal started mailing 20-25 song requests (farmaish) to Radio Ceylon daily. Regularly hearing Barnwal's name on the radio inspired the paan-shop owner Ganga Prasad Magadhiya and Electronics Shop Owner of Nandlal Sinha to similarly mail a large number of song requests. The growing fame of these three Jhumri Telaiya residents led to the emergence of a song-request fad among the people of the town. Young listeners from the town would compete among themselves to send out the most song requests in a day or month. The radio listeners thus became familiar with the town of Jhumri Telaiya. In the 1980s, a radio listeners' club was formed in the town. Subsequently, other towns also started competing with Jhumari Telaiya by sending out a large number of song requests. The fad declined as television gained popularity, and postal costs increased. Because of a large number of song requests and the town's unusual name, many listeners of Vividh Bharti used to doubt its existence.[10] Thus the "Jhumri Talaiya" came to be associated with any less-known or insignificant place. This reference is found in several Hindi movies and songs. For example, the movie Mounto (1975) features a song titled Mein Toh Jhumri Taliyah Seh Aeyehi Hun ("I've come from Jhumri Talaiya"). It is situated about eight kilometres from Koderma. Both the towns are closely linked.some day going to be one big urban zone in Jharkhand. The entire town is divided by the grand cord line of Eastern Railway, which passes through the middle of the town. The Tilaiya Dam reservoir is located near the town. The dam was the first dam and hydro-electric power station constructed by the Damodar Valley Corporation across the Damodar River. Places of interest near Jhumri Taliya include Rajgir, Nalanda, Hazaribagh National Park, Sonbhandar Caves (rumored to have hidden Mauryan treasures), Sammed Shikhar (Jain pilgrimage), Dhwajadhari Hill, Satagawan Petro falls, the tomb of Sant Paramhans Baba at Domchanch, Makamaro Hills, and Shaktipeeth Maa Chanchala Devi. There is a famous temple on a hillock named Chanchal Pahad (Pahad means hill in Hindi). It was known for hot springs in the past. Though the springs have dried now, the temple is still popular for Hindu rituals. Koderma railway station in Jhumri Telaiya is on the Grand Chord railway line of East Central Railway connecting Calcutta and Delhi via Dhanbad. Through it, the town is well connected to several of the major Indian cities including Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Indore, Bhopal, Lucknow and Bhubaneswar. Three new railway lines are being laid from Koderma railway station in three different directions: 1.Koderma-Giridih 102 km long 2.Koderma-Hazaribagh 79 km long (eventually to Barkakana railway junction, 133 km from Koderma) 3.Koderma-Tilaiya (JHARKHAND) The 35 km long railway line from Koderma to Nawadih towards Giridih has been commissioned in June 2013 and a passenger train has started running on this small section. This has made Koderma a railway junction. The railway line to Hazaribagh has been laid. Train service will start from 31 jan 2014 onward. Buses, jeeps, and three-wheelers connect Jhumri Taliya with nearby towns and villages. The town is accessible via the National highway 31, which is popularly known as Ranchi-Patna Road. It is located is 23 km from the Grand Trunk Road. The nearest airport is Ranchi (162 km), the capital of the Jharkhand state. Patna, the capital of Bihar state, is situated 175 km away from the town.

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