Giridih is headquarters of the Giridih district of Jharkhand state, India. The literal meaning of Giridih is the land of hills and hillocks – giri, a Hindi word, means hills and dih, another word of the local dialect, indicates lake. Before 1972, Giridih was part of Hazaribagh district. Giridih is a centre of the prestigious Indian Statistical Institute (ISI). Giridih is also one of the six Data Processing Centres of Data Processing Division (DPD) of National Sample Survey Office (NSSO). The climate of Giridih is generally dry. It is pleasant during winter season between October and March. Summer season starting April, is generally hot, with May being hottest when temperature rises up to 47C. Often high temperature is accompanied by high humidity levels, specially during June when premonsoon rain falls. It rains maximum during July and August, and rainy season continues up to mid October. Giridih is connected by Road and Rail link. Rail: Giridih Station is connected to Madhupur Junction located 48 km to the east by a single broad gauge railway line. There is a single passenger train which runs five times a day between the two stations and takes about an hour to reach Giridih. Parasnath Station, on the Howrah-Delhi grand chord line, is 48 km from Giridih towards the west. The Giridih station is under the administration of the Asansol division of the Eastern Railway zone of Indian Railways. There is a direct train service from Giridih to Kolkata and Patna. On 22 November, 2011, seven people were burnt to death when the Howrah-Dehradun express caught fire in Giridih. Road: The Grand Trunk Road passes through Giridih. Giridih lies on the junction of NH-2 and NH-100. Giridih has a bus terminus in the center of the town. The bus stand is divided into platforms for private buses. A Government Bus terminus is just adjacent to the main bus terminus. There are regular bus services from the city to other parts in the district. Bus service to Dhanbad, Bokaro, Hazaribagh, Deoghar, Asansol, Durgapur, Kolkata, Howrah, Patna, Ranchi and Jamshedpur is available. Private cars and taxi facilities are available in the city. Other transport is trekkers, autos, rickshaws and mini buses. Air: By air, there is a landing airstrip known as Boro aerodrom at the district headquarters of Giridih.[8] Giridih is well connected to some of the popular airports of Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal and they are : Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi 155 kilometres (96 mi) Gaya Airport 169 kilometres (105 mi) Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna 223 kilometres (139 mi) Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata 309 kilometres (192 mi) Sri Sammeta Shikharji, also known as the Parasnath Hills, with the highest mountain peak in Jharkhand, 4480 feet above sea level, is a major Jain pilgrimage destination and one of the most sacred places for Jains in the world. According to Jain belief, twenty of the twenty-four Tirthankaras (teachers of the Jains), (including Parshanath) attained Moksha (Nirvana) from this place. Jharkhand Dham, also known as Jharkhandi, is a temple of Lord Shiva. It is situated approximately 55 km from Giridih and 10 km from Rajdhanwar. Rajdah Dham , sabalpur, also known as Rajdaha, is a temple of Lord Shiva. It is situated approximately 60 km Giridih and 5 km from Suriya. (Near nimatand sabalpur). It is situated on the bank or Barakar River. Langta Baba Samadhi Sthal This is located in Kharagdiha, about 30 km North West of the town on road towards Jamua. Langta Baba is revered both by the Hindus and the Muslims alike. People offer chadar to his samadhi as a ritual, and it is believed the wish made here by a true devotee always get fulfilled. Usri Falls 13 km from town, on the Tundi road, it is one of the most famous picnic spots in Giridih. The Usri river falls a 40 feet steep gorge in three separate streams. The place is surrounded by dense forest of Parasnath Hills. Khandoli Dam located 10 km North-East of Giridih headquarters towards Bengabad block, is a scenic water reservoir and a dam. The place has been developed as a tourism attraction. It is a famous spot for water related adventure sports and bird-watching. A watch tower and 600 feet high hillock offers a panoramic view of Khandoli site. A number of other amusement facilities are available there including boating, Rock-climbing, Parasailing and Kayaking. Harihar Dham It is a famous Shivlinga temple. A small hamlet about 60 km South-west of Giridih district headquarters under Bagodar Block possesses the largest Shiva Linga of India. Its height is 65 ft. People from all over India come here every year on Shravan Poornima to worship. Kenarinath Dham is a temple of Lord Shiva, situated 27 kilometers from district headquarters, in kenari. It's presence dates back to 15th century. Locals believe it to be built by the architects of God. Dukhiya Mahadev Temple in Udnabad, some 5 km from Giridih headquarters, possesses great religious importance. It is situated on the bank of Usri river. Sri Kabir Gyan Mandir in Sihodih, some 2 km from Giridih headquarters, Founded in 1985,a motivational institution in headed by Sadguru Maa Gyan which spreads the message of Sant Kabir and Sanatan Dharma. It has a sacred temple Guru Govind Dham having beautiful idol of Sant Kabir and Lord Vishnu. It also has Kabir Gyan Darshan with worth to watch murals and paintings based on life of Sant Kabir, Vedas, Morality and paintings of famous Saints of India.

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