Sirsa is a city and municipal council in the Sirsa district of the Indian state of Haryana. It is a town in the westernmost region of the state, bordering Punjab and Rajasthan. Its history dates back to the time of the writing of the Mahabharata. At one time, the Sarasvati River flowed in this area. It is home of Sirsa Air Force Station of Indian Air Force. There are a number of legends about the origin of the name of the town. Sirsa is said to be one of the oldest places of North India and its ancient name was Sairishaka, which finds mention in the Mahabharata, Panini's Ashatadhayayi and Divyavadan. In the Mahabharata, Sairishaka is described as being taken by Nakula in his conquest of the western quarter. It must have been a flourishing city in the 5th century BC, as it has been mentioned by Panini. Fort of King Saras, Sirsa: According to local tradition, an unknown king named Saras founded the town in the 7th century AD and built a fort. The remains of an ancient fort can still be seen in the South-East of the present town. It is about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) in circumference. According to another tradition, the name has its origin from the sacred river Sarasvati which one flowed near it. During the medieval period, the town was known as Sarsuti as noted by a number of medieval historians. In the ancient period, Sirsa was also known as Sirsapattan. The archaeological Survey of India, during the archaeological exploration of the Ghaggar valley in Sirsa District in 1967–1968, nearly 54 sites, yielding the painted grey, black and red, black slipped, grey and red wares and those belonging to Rang Mahal culture were discovered. No Harappan settlement, however, could be located. Sites yielding Rang Mahal pottery were found to be situated in close proximity of the Ghaggar. Among the painted grey ware settlement, a mound locally called Lahranwali Theri near Rania deserves special mention. The painted grey ware types found here mainly comprised dishes and bowls. Pottery of the later periods was also collected from this site. Two mounds at Sikanderpur from where stone slabs having marks of iron dowels were found can be ascribed to Rang Mahal culture. A few more archaeological sites were identified in the district. The more important ones are described below:- Arnian wali (Tehsil Sirsa): It is situated 8 km south of Sirsa on Sirsa Bhadra Road. A mound measuring nearly 4 acres and approximately 10 feet (3.0 m) high lies 400 meters north of the village. It has yielded fragments of pottery of early history and medieval times. Sikander Pur (Tehsil Sirsa): Located about 12 km east of Sirsa, the village is approached by a link road from Sirsa – Fatehabad Road. The site, which has two mounds, one kilometre apart, is located about 1.6 km north-east of the villages and is nearly 30 feet (9.1 m) high. Heavy stone slabs and a sculpture of Indra, specimens of a temple of early medieval times were found from the site. A sculpture of an "Ekmukha Linga" of Shiva belonging to early medieval times has also been discovered. The specimen represents Shiva both in his human as well as phallic form. A sculpture of Indra recovered from the site is fine specimen representing two armed Indra as Dikpala. Another sculpture of Indra with his consort belonging to the early medieval times has also been found. The site has also yielded Rang Mahal and medieval wares. Moriwala (Amarjeet Pura): Moriwala is a small village located 12 km out from Sirsa on national highway 10 on Sirsa-Fatehabad road. This village was named as Moriwala but now it has been changed as Amarjeet Pura. It happened because here was a pilot named Amarjeet Singh Sandhu, who died in the war of 1971 with Pakistan. Suchan (Tehsil Sirsa): Located about 16 km east of Sirsa, the site has yielded fragments of pottery of Rang Mahal and early medieval wares. Mangiana (Tehsil Dabwali): It is located about 13 km east of Dabwali on Kalanwali-Dabwali Road. The mount, located about a kilometre west of the village, is 15 feet (4.6 m) high. It has yielded fragments of early historic and medieval wares. Sirsa is the Administrative Headquarters of Sirsa District of the state of Haryana.It is situated at a distance of 259 Kilometers from the national capital New Delhi on National Highway-10 and 250 Kilometers from the state capital Chandigarh on National Highway-64. Sirsa is well connected with New Delhi, Chandigarh and Jaipur by regular bus service run by the Haryana Roadways and railways.




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