Rohtak is a city and the administrative headquarters of the Rohtak district in the Indian state of Haryana. It lies 70 kilometres (43 mi) north west of New Delhi, just 40–45 km from Delhi Border and 250 kilometres (160 mi) south of the state capital Chandigarh on NH 10. Rohtak forms a part of the National Capital Region (NCR), which provides immediate benefits for the district as it can secure loans for infrastructure development at cheaper rates from the NCR Planning Board (NCRPB). Rohtak is the sixth most populous city in Haryana as per the 2011 census with population of 374,292 and has literacy rate of 84.08. It is believed that the city's name is of Indo-Aryan origin and is recorded in the Vedas. It was founded by the Rajputs people, and was named Rohtashgarh. Many aryans migrate in this city. The Jats & Rajputs of Rohtak under the leadership of Khokhar , attacked Mahmud Gaznavi and also accompanied Khokhar Jats in 1206 AD against Mohmad Gouri. Subsequently the evolution of the named is traced as "Rohitaka-kula > Rohitaka > Rohtak" and Michael Witzel notes that this accords with the place existing around 500 BC. The same source also suggests that the name may have derived from the tree Rohitaka as well, a tree well known in the area for its superb timber. The ruins of the ancient town at Khokrakot suggest that perhaps the town is as old as Indus valley Civilization as the Minar finds at Khokhrakot are typical of Indus Valley sites. It is also identified with Rohitika, a place mentioned in the Mahabharata It was quite possibly the capital of Bahudhanyaka, the kingdom of Yaudheyas. In the Vinaya of the Mulasarvasti-vadins, Jivaka is represented as taking journey from Taxila in the north west of Bhadramkara, Udumbasa, Rohitaka and Nathura in the Ganga Doab. The ancient highway carried the trade of the ganga valley to Taxila passing through Rohitika to Sakala. The existence of the town during the rule of Kushan is testified by the recovery of Khushana Pillar Capital decorated with carving of winged lions and riders. An example of a lion capital of the 1st or 2nd century AD, it resembles the lion capital in the British museum at London, well known for its inscriptions. The riders on it are similar to the riders on elephant at Karle cave and figures at Sanchi Gateway. It is a significant example of the sculptural art of Haryana towards the beginning of the Christian era. Clay mounds of coins discovered at Khokhrakot have thrown important light on the process of casting coins in ancient India. The coin moulds of the later Yadhyayas of the 3rd or 4th century AD have been discovered in large number here of the same and subsequent dates are several clay sealings. A Gupta terracotta plaque and a head of later date have also been discovered. The town continued to flourish till the 10th century AD as coins of Samanta Deva, the Hindu King of Kabul have been found here. Tilyar Lake: The tourist spot of Tilyar Lake is near to the city. includes Restaurant, Bar and Rohtak zoo. The lake lies in a 132-acre (0.53 km2) area and forms an integral part of the tourist setup, making it one of the greenest stretches in the adjoining area. The spacious lawns and the scenery on view make this resort a great place to relax, and people visit from as far away as Mumbai. It is also an excellent spot for watching a variety of birds that flock on the little island located in the middle of the lake. Rohtak Zoo: The lake complex also houses Rohtak Zoo. Along with other heritage sites on the outskirts of city, there are many tourist places in Rohtak. The following animals have been housed in this zoo: Tiger, Leopard, Fox, Hyena, Wolf, Gharial, Mugger, Hippopotamus, Himalayan Black Bear, Jackal, Otter, Pig-tailed monkey, Baboon, Bonnet macaque, Gray langur, Sambhar, Blackbuck, Chinkara, Indian hog deer, Barking deer, Guineafowl, Silver pheasant, Fantail pigeon etc. Gurudwara Manji Sahib Lakhan Majra: Gurudwara manji sahib has a historical shrine place in lakhan majra, rohtak. commemorating the visit of Guru Tegh Bahadur who, halted here while travelling from Jind to Delhi. A single roomed shrine marked the site until after 1947 when immigrants from Pakistan to Delhi and Rohtak thought of enlarging the structure. The present flagmast was raised in 1958, and the foundation of the new five storeyed building was laid on 24 April 1967. The Gurdwara now stands in a compound entered through a double storeyed gateway. The assembly hall, on the ground floor, is mounted over by a domed pavilion on the top storey. An annexe to the east of the hall is Guru ka Langar. The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee manages the shrine through a local committee at Rohtak. Sikhs from Rohtak, Delhi and other places assemble in large numbers en every full moon day. The biggest festival of the year is Hola Mahalla, which is celebrated in March. Roads: Rohtak is connected to seven cities by three national highways (NH10, NH71, and NH71A) and two State Highways (SH16 and SH18). National Highway 10 from New Delhi to Rohtak is upgraded to six lanes with 30 km Rohtak City Bypass, so that the vehicles travelling between New Delhi and Hisar do not have to enter Rohtak city. National Highway 10 from Rohtak to Hissar and several cities of Punjab is being widened to a four-lane highway. National highway: Three National Highways, NH-10 (Delhi to Fazilka, Punjab), NH-71 (Rewari, Haryana to Jalandhar, Punjab) and NH-71A (Rohtak to Panipat) pass through the city. Rohtak is connected to Delhi through NH-10, and currently the road is being widened to six lanes by NHAI, with the plans to develop the entire corridor as an industrial area. NH-71 From Rewari to Rohtak is 4 lanes, and NH-71A from Rohtak to Panipat is 4 lanes. Railway[edit] Rohtak City is a railway junction with connections to Delhi, Panipat, Rewari, Bhiwani and Jind converging on the city. Rohtak is connected to Bahadurgarh through Delhi line, to Gohana through Panipat line and Jhajjar through Rewari line. Delhi and Jind connections are part of the Delhi-Fazilka line, and the line is double tracked from Delhi to Bhatinda, Punjab, India, and is electrified between Delhi and Rohtak. All other lines are single track, and unelectrified. Rohtak Junction Railway Station is served by three Shatabdi Express services (New Delhi Moga Shatabdi Express, New Delhi Bathinda Shatabdi Express and New Delhi Ludhiana Shatabdi Express) and Ajmer Chandigarh Garib Rath Express. The railway track between New Delhi and Rohtak has been electrified. EMU services has been running between the two cities since March,2013. Air travel: There is currently no commercial airport serving the city. The state govt has shown interests in building a Greenfield Cargos Airport at the Meham town to serve this city and the AAI has given consent in principle for this. The nearest International Airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport at Delhi.




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