Forts in India

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Red Fort

The Red Fort was the residence of the Mughal emperor of India for nearly 200 years, until 1857. It is located in the centre of Delhi and houses a number of museums. In addition to accommodating the emperors and their households, it was the ceremonial and political centre of Mughal government and the setting for events critically impacting the region.

Gandikota Fort

Gandikota is a small village on the right bank of the river Pennar, 15 km from Jammalamadugu in Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Kangla Fort

The Palace of Kangla is an old palace at Imphal in Manipur (Kangleipak). It was situated on both sides (western and eastern) of the bank of the Imphal River. But now it remains only on the western side of the bank. Only the ruins remain now. Kangla means "dry land" in old Meetei. It was the traditional seat of the past Meetei rulers of Manipur.

Bahu Fort

The Bahu Fort is located in Jammu city in state of Jammu and Kashmir. The fort, said to be built by an earlier ruler, was refurbished during the Sikh Empire by Raja Gulab Singh in the 19th century. The fort is a religious place, and within its precincts has a temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali, the presiding deity of Jammu.

Chandragiri Fort

Chandragiri Fort is a historical fort, built in the 11th century located in Chandragiri, Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh, India. Tough mostly associated with Vijayanagara Kings it was built much earlier in 11th century by Yadava Naidu kings.

City Palace

City Palace, Jaipur, which includes the Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal palaces and other buildings, is a palace complex in Jaipur, the capital of the Rajasthan state, India. It was the seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur, the head of the Kachwaha Rajput clan.

Kumbhalgarh Fort

Kumbhalgarh Fort is a Mewar fortress on the westerly range of Aravalli Hills, in the Rajsamand district near Udaipur of Rajasthan state in western India. It is a World Heritage Site included in Hill Forts of Rajasthan. Built during the course of the 15th century by Rana Kumbha, Kumbhalgarh is also the birthplace of Maharana Pratap, the great king and warrior of Mewar.

Aguada Fort

The fort was constructed in 1612 to guard against the Dutch and the Marathas. It was a reference point for the vessels coming from Europe at that time. This old Portuguese fort stands on the beach south of Candolim, at the shore of the Mandovi River.

Bhimgarh Fort

Bhimgarh Fort, generally known as the Reasi Fort, is near Reasi, a town approximately 64 km northwest of Jammu. The fort is on a hillock approximately 150 metres high. Initially it was constructed of clay.

Fort St George

Fort St George is the name of the first English fortress in India, founded in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras, the modern city of Chennai. The construction of the fort provided the impetus for further settlements and trading activity, in what was originally an uninhabited land. Thus, it is a feasible contention to say that the city evolved around the fortress.

Reis Magos Fort

Predating Fort Aguada by half a century, a second, smaller fort that crowns the headland jutting into the narrowest stretch of the Mandovi, almost facing the capital city Panjim, is the Reis Magos Fort.

Adoni Fort

One of the famous fort to visit in Kurnool district is Adoni fort. This is one of the ancient fort to visit in this region. This fort was found in 1200BC by Chandra Sen. This fort is located on five rocky hills of granite. The architecture of this fort is marvelous and depicts fine quality of engineering.

Akola Fort

Akola fort also called Asadgad fort along with the Narnala and Akot forts forms the major fortifications of the Akola district, Maharashtra, India. Its earliest form of mud was made by one Akol Singh to protect the village. He saw a hare chasing a dog and considering this to be an auspicious sign, he built an earthen wall here to protect the village. Akola was heavily fortified in 1697 CE during the reign of Aurangzeb by Asad Khan, from whom the fort took its name Asadgad.

Nahargarh Fort

Nahargarh Fort stands on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, overlooking the city of Jaipur in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Along with Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh once formed a strong defense ring for the city. The fort was originally named Sudarshangarh, but it became known as Nahargarh, which means abode of tigers. Built mainly in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh, the founder of Jaipur, the fort was constructed as a place of retreat on the summit of the ridge above the city.

Taragarh Fort

Taragarh Fort or Star Fort is a structure in the city of Ajmer in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was constructed in 1113 AD upon a steep hillside and built under the reign of King Ajaypal Chauhan. There are three gateways to the fort known as Lakshmi Pol, Phuta Darwaza, and Gagudi ki Phatak. Most parts of these gateways are now in ruins. During its heyday, Taragarh Fort was renowned for its tunnels crisscrossing the entire hillside. However, these tunnels are now inaccessible.

Alwar Fort

Bala Quila also known Alwar fort is a fort in Alwar in Indian state of Rajasthan. It is situated on a hill in the Aravalli Range, above the town of Alwar. The fort was originally occupied by Nikumbh Rajputs. In 1492 Khanzada Alawal Khan won Bala Quila from Nikumbh Rajputs to stop practice of human sacrifice.

Penukonda Fort

Penukonda is a town in the Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh, India. A famous medieval fort is located in the town.

Siddavatam Fort

Siddavatam Fort, constructed in 1303 CE, lies on the banks of the Pennar River. The fort extends over an area of 30 acres. Visitors can view gateways and decorated pillars at the two ends of the fort. Top of the fort has been adorned with carvings of Gajalakshmi.

Ita Fort

Ita Fort in Itanagar town, is one of the most important historical sites in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The name literally means Fort of bricks. It also lends its name to the city Itanagar, the capital of Arunachal Pradesh. The Ita Fort at Arunachal Pradesh was built as early as the 14th or the 15th century by kings of the Chutia dynasty.

Barmer Fort

Barmer Fort is one of the most famous tourist attraction in Barmer. The Fort was built by Rawat Bhima at a hillock in the present city of Barmer when he shifted his capital from Juna to the present city Barmer. He builds a fort on top of the city which is also known as Barmer Garh. You will find numerous temples surrouding the fort.

Bikaji Ki Tekri

Bikaji ki Tekri is the first humble fort he built in the city. Only the fort and a part of the wall that surrounded the city now remain.

Janjira Fort

Murud-Janjira is the local name for a fort situated on an island just off the coastal village of Murud, in the Raigad district of Maharashtra, India. The word Janjira is not native to India, and may have originated after the Arabic word Jazeera, which means an island.

Diu Fort

The Diu Fort, is located on the west coast of India in Diu, a Union Territory, administered by the Government of India. The fort was built by the Portuguese during their colonial rule of the Diu island. The Diu town is located to the west of the fort.

Golkonda Fort

Golconda, also known as Golkonda or Golla konda ("shepherd's hill"), is a citadel and fort in Southern India and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty (c.1518–1687), is situated 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) west of Hyderabad. It is also a tehsil of Hyderabad district, Telangana, India. The region is known for the mines that have produced some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, the Hope Diamond and the Nassak Diamond.

Akhnoor Fort

Akhnoor Fort is on the right bank of Chenab River. Construction was started by Mian Tej Singh in 1762 AD and completed by his successor Raja Alum Singh in 1802. The fort has high fortification walls with bastions at regular intervals and is crowned with battlements.

Konda Reddy Fort

Konda Reddy Buruju is a part of Kurnool Fort and also the only part left out of the magnificent fort. Konda Reddy Buruju was a sentinel and was used as a prison. Chronicles has it that, a revolutionary named Konda Reddy was imprisoned by the Nawab of Kurnool when he tried to oppose him.

Orchha Fort

The Orchha Fort complex, which houses a large number of ancient monuments consisting of the fort, palaces, temple and other edifices, is located in the Orchha town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Agra Fort

Agra Fort is a historical fort in the city of Agra in India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty till 1638, when Mughal capital was shifted from Agra to Red Fort in Delhi. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage site and is about 2.5 km northwest of its more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal.

Purana Qila

Purana Qila is one the oldest forts in Delhi. Its current form was built by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, on a site which was perhaps that of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas.

Zorawar Fort

Zorawar Fort is an ancient fort which lies above the Leh Palace and the Namgyal Tsemo Gompa. This prehistoric monument, also known as Riasi Fort, once held the wealth of the Dogra rulers in Jammu though it presently lies in a wrecked stage.

Kangra Fort

The Kangra Fort is located 20 kilometers from the town of Dharamsala on the outskirts of the town of Kangra, India. It is the largest fort in the Himalayas and probably the oldest dated fort in India. It is one of the most beautiful forts in India. The fort is right next to Kangra town.

Bandra Fort

Castella de Aguada also known as the Bandra Fort, is a fort located in Bandra, Mumbai. It is located at Lands End in Bandra. It was built by the Portuguese in 1640 as a watchtower overlooking Mahim Bay, the Arabian Sea and the southern island of Mahim. The strategic value of the fort was enhanced in 1661 after the Portuguese ceded the seven islands of Bombay that lay to the immediate south of Bandra to the English.

Jaigarh Fort

Jaigarh Fort is situated on the promontory called the Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the Aravalli range, it overlooks the Amber Fort and the Maota Lake, near Amber in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. The fort was built by Jai Singh II in 1726 to protect the Amber Fort and its palace complex and was named after him. The fort features a cannon named Jaivana, which was manufactured in the fort precincts and was then the worlds largest cannon on wheels.

Ranthambore Fort

Ranthambore Fort lies within the Ranthambore National Park, near the town of Sawai Madhopur, the park being the former hunting grounds of the Maharajahs of Jaipur until the time of India's Independence. It is a formidable fort having been a focal point of the historical developments of Rajasthan. Inside Ranthambore fort, there are three Hindu temples dedicated to Ganesh, Shiva and Ramlalaji constructed in 12th and 13th centuries from red Karauli stone. There is also a Jain temple of Lord Sumatinath and Lord Sambhavanath.

Achalgarh Fort

Achalgarh is a fort situated about 11 kilometres north of Mount Abu, a hill station in Rajasthan, India. The fort was originally built by the Paramara dynasty rulers and later reconstructed, renovated and named as Achalgarh by Maharana Kumbha. The fort is in a dilapidated condition now. The first gate of the fort is known as Hanumanpol, which served as the entrance to the lower fort.

Akbari Fort

Akbari Fort & Museum is a museum In Ajmer. It was once the residence of Prince Salīm, the son of the Emperor Akbar and presently houses a collection of Mughal and Rajput armour and sculpture. Construction of this had been commissioned by Akbar. This is the location from where Salim, as the Emperor Jahangir read out the farman permitting the British East India Company to trade with India.

Vizianagaram Fort

Vizianagaram fort is an early 18th century fort in the city of Vizianagaram in northeastern Andhra Pradesh, South India. It was built by Vijaya Rama Raju, the Maharaja of Vizianagaram in 1713. The formal ceremony, while laying the foundation for the fort, was very auspicious as it represented five signs of victory.

Bobbili Fort

The Bobbili Fort located in the Vizianagaram district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, was built during the middle of the 19th century in Bobbili. It has a historical link to the nearby mud fort of the same name which was destroyed during the Bobbili war in 1757 in a feud between the Rajas of Bobbili and the neighbouring Maharaja of Vizianagaram.

Ponda Fort

The Ponda Fort is located in Ponda, in the state of Goa on the west coast of India. The present structure is a reconstruction of the old primitive at this location, surrounded by a park. Inside, there currently is a statue in honor of Shivaji, the leader of the Marathas in the seventeenth century.

Madakasira Fort

Madakasira is a town in Anantapur district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. The Hill Fort in the village is one of the centrally protected monumemts of national importance.

Amer Fort

Amber Fort is located in Amer, a town with an area of 4 square kilometres (1.5 sq mi) located 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Jaipur, Rajasthan state, India. Located high on a hill, it is the principal tourist attraction in the Jaipur area. The town of Amer was originally built by Meenas, and later it was ruled by Raja Man Singh I (December 21, 1550 – July 6, 1614).

Gwalior Fort

Gwalior Fort is an 8th-century hill fort near Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, central India. The fort consists of a defensive structure and two main palaces, Gujari Mahal and Man Mandir, built by Man Singh Tomar. The fort has been controlled by a number of different rulers in its history. The Gurjari Mahal palace was built for Queen Mrignayani. It is now an archaeological museum.

Junagarh Fort

Junagarh Fort is a fort in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. The fort was originally called Chintamani and was renamed Junagarh or 'Old Fort' in the early 20th century when the ruling family moved to Lalgarh Palace outside the fort limits. It is one of the few major forts in Rajasthan which is not built on a hilltop. The modern city of Bikaner has developed around the fort.

Kondapalli Fort

Kondapalli Fort, also locally known as Kondapalli Kota, is located in the Krishna district, close to Vijayawada. The historic fort on the hill (Eastern Ghats) located to the west of the Kondapalli village was built by Prolaya Vema Reddy of Kondaveedu during the 14th century.

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest fortifications in the world. It is situated in the city of Jaisalmer, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is a World Heritage Site.

Umaid Bhawan Palace

Umaid Bhawan Palace, located at Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India, is one of the world's largest private residences. A part of the palace is managed by Taj Hotels.

Chittorgarh Fort

Chittorgarh Fort is one of the largest forts in India. It is a World Heritage Site. The fort, popularly known as Chittor, was the capital of Mewar and is today situated in Chittorgarh. The fort precinct with an evocative history is studded with a series of historical palaces, gates, temples and two prominent commemoration towers.

Chapora Fort

Chapora Fort, located in Bardez, Goa, rises high above the Chapora River. Before the Portuguese arrived in Goa in 1510, this location was the site of another fort. The fort changed hands several times after Portuguese acquired Bardez.

Gurramkonda Fort

Gurramkonda Fort is a well-known heritage site of India. Located at a distance of 72 kms from Tirupati, the fort is architecturally beautiful and promises to leave all spellbound. It was originally a mud and rock construction which came under the rule of Vijayanagara kingdom.

Arki Fort

Arki palace is located in Arki, India, a town in Himachal Pradesh. The Arki palace was built by Rana Prithvi Singh. The Diwan Khana of the palace has very nice paintings in Kangra painting style. The paintings depict incidents from mythology, religion, history and culture etc.

Kondaveedu Fort

Kondaveedu Fort is located in Kondaveedu village in the Chilakaluripet constituency of Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is a hill fortress located 520 m above sea level. Apart from this main fort, there are two other forts nearby.

Mehrangarh Fort

Mehrangarh Fort located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, is one of the largest forts in India. Built around 1460 by Rao Jodha, the fort is situated 410 feet above the city and is enclosed by imposing thick walls. Inside its boundaries there are several palaces known for their intricate carvings and expansive courtyards. A winding road leads to and from the city below. The imprints of cannonball hits by attacking armies of Jaipur can still be seen on the second gate. To the left of the fort is the chhatri of Kirat Singh Soda, a soldier who fell on the spot defending the Mehrangarh fort.

Harihar Fort

Harihar fort or Harshagad is a fort located 48 km from Igatpuri, Nashik district, of Maharashtra. It is an important fort in Nashik district, and was constructed to look upon the trade route through Gonda Ghat. It receives many visitors because of its peculiar rock-cut steps. Harihar fort was built during the Pankaj panchariya period.

Bhangarh Fort

The Bhangarh Fort is a 17th-century fort built in the Rajasthan state of India. It was built by Bhagwant Das for his younger son Madho Singh I. The Bhangarh Fort is located on the border of the Sariska Reserve in the Aravali range of hills in Alwar district of Rajasthan. Entering through the main gate of the completely ruined fort city, one can find temples, palaces, and havelis.

Lohagarh Fort

Lohagarh Fort is situated at Bharatpur in Rajasthan, India. It was constructed by Bharatpur jat rulers. Maharaja Suraj Mal used all his power and wealth to a good cause, and built numerous forts and palaces across his kingdom, one of them being the Lohagarh Fort, which was one of the strongest ever built in Indian history.

Roopangarh Fort

Roopangarh Fort is a former fortress and palace in the town of Roopangarh, Rajasthan, India that is today a hotel. The fortress was originally built by, and named after, Maharaja Roop Singh of Kishangarh in 1648. It was sited at strategic point atop a hill to the north of Kishangarh controlling the important trade route to the Sambhar Salt Lake. For a century it also served as the primary residence of the Maharajas of Kishangarh, and the capital of the state. An ornate palace was built next to the fortress.

Fort William

Fort William is a fort in Kolkata, built during the early years of the Bengal Presidency of British India. It sits on the eastern banks of the River Hooghly, the major distributary of the River Ganges. One of Kolkatas most enduring Raj-era edifices, it extends over an area of 70.9 hectares. The fort was named after King William III. In front of the Fort is the Maidan, the largest park in the city. An internal guard room became the Black Hole of Calcutta.

Udayagiri Fort

Udayagiri is a town in Udayigiri Mandal in the Nellore district of the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. First known history of the city was from 14th century. It was the capital of local kingdom of Langula Gajapati, chieftain to Gajapatis of Orissa. It came under rule of Krishna Deva Raya of Vijayanagara around 1512.

Gooty Fort

The Gooty Fort, also known as Ravadurg, is a ruined fort located on a hill in the Gooty town of Andhra Pradesh, India. The word Gooty is derived from the towns original name, Gowthampuri. It is one of the centrally protected monumemts of national importance.





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