Tinsukia is a city and municipal board in Tinsukia district, Assam, India. It is situated 480 kilometres (298 mi) north east of Guwahati and 84 kilometres (52 mi) kilometres away from the border with Arunachal Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Tinsukia District of Assam, India. It contains a mixture of Assamese, and Hindi- speaking people. New malls and buildings are being constructed. Tinsukia deals in agricultural products such as tea, oranges, ginger, citrus fruits and paddy. It also contains the state's largest railway junction. Tinsukia is the site of Bengmara, which was originally known as Changmai Pathar. It was the capital city of the Muttack Kingdom which was founded by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha. Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha, known as Mezara, rose to become an able administrator. Mezara adopted the name Sarbananda Singha after he became the King. Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha introduced coins after his name and in Saka 1716 and 1717, he inscribed the title Swargadeo in the coins. As instructed by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha, his Minister Gopinath Barbaruah alies Godha dug a triangular pond which is known as Tinikunia Pukhuri. In 1884 a station was constructed near this pond, when the Dibru-Sadiya Rail line was laid, which was named as Tinsukia. Since then it has been known as Tinsukia. Tinsukia has a humid subtropical climate with summer, winter and monsoon forming the seasonal cycle. Summer in Tinsukia are typically during the months of March–May, and these months experience a maximum temperature of around 31 °C and a minimum of 24 °C. Rain showers are common during the summer months, and humidity is normally at its highest during this season. the monsoon months in Tinsukia are the months of June–September bringing heavy rainfall. The temperature in the region during winter, which occurs from October to February, ranges from a maximum of 24 °C to a minimum of 11 °C(min). The Dibru Saikhowa National Park, adjacent to the city is a national park of India and is considered an important Biodiversity Hotspot in India.[citation needed] The Brahmaputra is at the northern border and the Dibru river at the southern, and the park is an island with feral horses, endangered White-winged Wood ducks and Hoolock Gibbons. Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary is about 6 km from Tinsukia. It is famous for different species of primates including the endangered Hoolock Gibbon. Maguri Beel is used for birdwatching. The Shiv Dham is a temple of Lord Shiva with a pond in the middle. The pond constitutes of over 1000 fishes and few turtles. Devotees are often seen praying to the Gods and feeding these fishes. The Tilinga Mandir (bell temple), located at Bordubi, about 9 kilometer from Tinsukia, is another famous Shiva temple. This temple is known for its numerous bells (tilinga) tied on the branches of a giant peepal tree by devotees whose wishes made at this temple are believed to have been fulfilled. The area also has Tea Estates. Marut Nandan Kanan Park is also a tourist attraction.

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