Basar is a census town in West Siang District in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Basar is popular, as it is the abode of Galo people. The staple crop of the Galo people of Basar are rice, maize in slash-and-burn agricultural practice. The plains of the Basar valley is famous for its wet rice cultivation. Oranges and Pineapple are grown abundantly and nowadays kiwi and apple are tried in the higher ridges of the mountainous ranges. Basar is the original place of Riba, Basar, and Riram clans of Galo tribe and They live in over 65 hill villages, traditionally each keeping to itself under a selected chief styled Gaon Burra (British-era development) who moderates the village council, which acts even as traditional court. The olden day councils consists of all the village elder and decisions were taken in a dere. The language spoken by Galo people in Basar is GALO (Lare), which is related to the Chinese and Tibetan languages. The dress of the Galo people in Basaris worn by both sexes are self-woven Beke tied around the bosom and Gale which is wrapped around the body below the naval region to toes completely covering the lower portion in women. The men wear a self-woven sleeveless shirt called Galuk which is covered by a raw silk cloth Zera wrapped over the shoulder. The lower portion is covered by a loin cloth called Haabe which is passed in between the buttock, folded towards the pubis and which hangs on a belt-like deer skin leather embedded with semiprecious stones and corals. The head is covered with a cap-like covering called Bolup hand-crafted from cane, which acted as a helmet during olden warfighting. Tattooing in any form was not practiced in Galo people of Basar area. The economy of a family is measured on the possession of animals called "Hobe" or Mithun (Bos frontalis). The mother of festival "MOPIN" an agricultural festival performed before or after the sowing of seeds for bumper crops is celebrated in Basar in wider ways. Popir song and dance of "Mopin" are performed during this festival.a The "Donyi-Polo" practice of the Galo people have the majority following, which involves the chanting of rymes to apease the ancestors to invoke the blessings of the sun and the moon, where the Priest called "Nyibu" plays a crucial role as intermediary between the Donyi-polo and the people.




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