Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary

Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary

Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary is a bird sanctuary in Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh, India, near the village of Nelapattu. It has an area of 458.92 hectares. It is an important breeding site for spot-billed pelicans (Pelecanus philippensis). Nelapattu village sarpanch B.Vijaya Bhaskar said that Fleming festival done every year first or second week of January Month. Before undertaking by Govt of Andhra Pradesh, the local villagers protected the birds sanctuary. It will be better Govt of Andhra pradesh to adopt the village to develop and protect birds sanctuary. Nelapattu has two major plant communities, Barringtonia swamp forests and southern dry evergreen scrub. Southern dry evergreen scrub covers most of the sanctuary, including the 288 hectares of Kalluru Reserved Forest and 88 hectares of unreserved forest. Dominant tree and scrub species of Manilkara hexandra, Maba buxifolia, Memicylon edule, Buchanania angustifolia, Zizyphus xylopyrus and others. The Barringtonia swamp forests are found in the 83-hectare Nelapattu tank. The predominant tree species is Barringtonia acutangula (Hijal). This tree also grows in uplands but the tree species found at Nelapattu can grow in flooded conditions lasting for 5 to 7 months at a stretch. The saplings can survive total submergence during the long duration of flooding. 187 bird species can be found at Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary, 50 of which are migratory. In addition to the spot-billed pelican, it is an important breeding site for white ibis, openbill stork, night heron, and little cormorant. Other migratory water birds that visit the sanctuary include pintail, common teal, dabchick, shoveler, coot, spot-bill duck, grey heron, darter, black-winged stilt, and garganey gadwall.

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